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Old Goat Formulas

Old Goat formulas mix pure botanical essential oils, chosen for their analgesic and aromatherapeutic properties, combined with flower essence remedies, to achieve holistic healing not found in any other product on the market today. The ingredients list for each product can be found at the Old Goat Products page.

Essential Oils

Essential Oils are highly concentrated and potent oils extracted from whole plants or leaves, flowers, roots, buds, twigs, rhizomes, heartwood, bark, resin, seeds and fruits. Pure Essential Oils are very different from synthetic fragrance oils, which are chemical recreations of scents made primarily from coal tar. While these cheaper, imitation fragrance oils may smell identical to their botanical counterparts, they do not feature the same chemical structure and will not have the same therapeutic effects; their use is limited to perfumery.

True Essential Oils are usually extracted from plant materials by a process called steam distillation. The plant material is treated with steam, which cooks the plant, breaking it down and releasing its essential oil. The steam containing the essential essences is cooled and the oil separated from the water and filtered to become Essential Oils. Some Essential Oils can be extracted through pressing, just as grape juice can be pressed from the grape. If you twist a piece of lemon or orange rind, the rind will yield a bit of liquid which is oily and smells strongly of the fruit - this oil is the fruit's essential oil and is easily extractable through a press.

Prior to the discovery of distillation, Essential Oils were extracted by pressing, and this is still the case in cultures such as Egypt. Traditional Egyptian practice involves pressing the plant material, and then burying it in unglazed ceramic vessels in the desert for a period of months to drive out water, the water having a smaller molecular size diffuses through the ceramic vessels while the larger Essential Oils do not. The lotus oil in Tutankhamun's tomb, which retained its scent after 3000 years sealed in alabaster vessels, was pressed in this manner.

Essential Oils can vary widely in price, depending largely on the amount of plant material needed to make them. The citrus oils are quite economical to make, since the citrus rind contains a lot of oil, and thus less expensive than the oils derived from flowers, which contain very little oil. It can take over a hundred pounds (45 kilograms) of lavender flowers to make a pound of lavender essential oil. That may sound high, until you consider that it takes over a thousand pounds (450 kilograms) of jasmine to make a pound of jasmine essential oil. Jasmine, rose and neroli (orange blossom) are among the most costly of all the Essential Oils

Essential Oils have a long tradition of providing a variety of therapeutic benefits. Many of these traditionally known benefits have been confirmed through modern scientific research. The use of Essential Oils in a cosmetic can have an antiseptic and antimicrobial action, as well as a healing and soothing effect on the skin. Essential Oils help the skin and hair detoxify, drain, heal and regenerate. These high quality oils are readily absorbed through the skin and hair follicles and carried to all parts of the body, having an effect, which can last from a few hours to a few days.

The All Natural Botanical
Ingredients in Old Goat Products

Clove Essential Oil - Botanical name: Syzyguim aromaticum
Analgesic. Herbalists often recommend this fragrant spice as a numbing agent sensitive teeth and gums. As early as 240BC, the Chinese used clove oil topically to treat ailments such as diarrhea, liver, stomach and bowel ailments, and as a stimulant for the nerves. In the Asian tropics it was used to treat malaria, cholera, tuberculosis, and scabies. One of the main constituents in this herb is eugenol, which is a potent blood thinner. Germany's Commission E lists clove as having antiseptic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, and antiviral properties. We value it for its analgesic effects on body pain. It is a topical analgesic and useful for arthritis, rheumatism, and muscular discomforts.

Lavender Essential Oil - Botanical name: Lavendula spp.
Inhaling lavender is calming, with sedative properties that are effective for both man and animals. It is used for tension headache and migraine, especially when combined with peppermint. It is a topical anesthetic, muscle relaxant and is soothing to the nerves.

Nutmeg Essential Oil - Botanical name: Myristica fragrans
Nutmeg is used for its analgesic properties, quieting nerve-to-brain pain signals and reducing prostaglandins. It penetrates the skin to soothe sore muscles and joints, and is said to stimulate the mind and alleviate fatigue. It has been used traditionally to support normal circulation and a healthy endocrine system.

Peppermint Essential Oil - Botanical name: Mentha x piperita
Cools and soothes all types of inflammatory pain. An effective liniment, peppermint is a muscle relaxant and calms nerve pain. Also useful externally for headaches, sinus pain, menstrual cramps, nausea. It stimulates mental clarity and aids concentration.

Black Pepper Essential Oil - Botanical name: Piper nigrum
Pepper has been an important culinary and medicinal spice for thousands of years. It is deep, penetrating warming properties, making it a useful ingredient in massage oil, foot bath or other liniment preparations. Common uses include stimulating the circulation and for muscular aches and pains. Skin application is useful for bruises, since it stimulates the circulation.

Tea Tree Essential Oil - Botanical name: Melaleuca alternifolia
Tea tree oil is extracted from the leaves of the tree which is native to the northeast coast of New South Wales, Australia. Tea tree oil is an analgesic, alleviating the discomfort of sore muscles or joint injuries. The oil is claimed to have beneficial medical properties including antiseptic and antifungal action, making it useful for athlete's foot, foul body odor, burning feet, etc. It also reduces hypertrophic scarring.

Jojoba Oil - Botanical name: Simmondsia chinensis
Method of extraction: Cold Pressed/Unrefined
Jojoba oil comes from the beans of the shrub like plant, simmondsia chinensis. Cold pressed oil (actually a liquid plant wax) is pressed from the seeds of this desert shrub.. It is bright and golden in color and is regarded as the most favored in the carrier oil family because of its advanced molecular stability. It is odorless and colorless with strong resistance to rancidity and oxidation. It is wonderful for the skin because it has absorption properties that are similar to our skins own sebum and because of it's emollient and moisturizing qualities it is used in many cosmetic products.

Grapeseed Oil - Botanical name: Vitis vinifera
This beautiful oil is cold pressed and partially refined. It has a nice green color with a rich odor, superb taste and exceptional depth. Generally used as a base oil for many creams, lotions and as a general carrier oil. Grapeseed is especially useful for skin types that do not absorb oils too well, and it does not leave a greasy feeling. Wonderful for those with skin sensitivities, because of its natural non-allergenic properties.

Vitamin E Acetate -
Vitamin E Acetate is a natural derivative of a-tocopheral with anti -oxidant properties, know for preserving free-radical attack and peroxidase cleavage of lipid membranecomponents. It is used as a preservative in many topical emollients for dry or chapped skin. It also improves the growth of skin cells, circulation in peripheral vessels and strengthens connective tissue.

Witch Hazel - Botanical name: Hamamelis Virginiana
Witch Hazel is a shrub that is native to North America, with smooth grey bark and leaves 3 to 5 inches long. After the leaves fall off in autumn, yellow flowers appear, followed by black nuts containing white seeds, which are oily and edible. The properties of the leaves and bark are similar and are used as an astringent, tonic, and sedative. Witch Hazel reduces inflammation, relieving muscular over-exertion, soreness from bruises and strains, soreness and muscle aches from exposure to cold. Throughout history, North American Indians used Witch Hazel poultices for painful swellings and tumors. It is useful in the treatment of burns, scalds, and inflammatory conditions of the skin, hemorrhoids, and internal bleeding. In the treatment of varicose veins, it can be applied on a lint bandage, which must be constantly kept moist: a pad of Witch Hazel applied to a burst varicose vein will stop the bleeding and can save a life by its instant application. It can also be used to soothe insect and mosquito bites. The high quality witch hazel we use at Old Goat is distilled in our own laboratory.

Healing with Flower Essences

Dr. Edward M. Bach, MD (1886 - 1936) believed that healers and physicians, in order to be effective, needed to address the heart and spirit of the patient. He believed that our physical complaints were symptoms, that "our fears, our cares, our anxieties and such like that open the path to the invasion of illness." Modern physicians are less eloquent when they say that "stress" causes or plays a role in the creation of disease and disorder in the body. Oriental traditions are more specific when they discuss "stress". They define stress as the bodily reaction to specific types of fear: worry, mortal fear, anger, grief, guilt, impatience, pretense, or hate.

Bach also believed that illness, disharmony and imbalance are often a result of the gap between the inner state and the 'face' that a person puts on to those around them - the difference between the way a person appears and the way he really feels. For as long as the pretense is maintained, the health is eroded. A healthy body is associated with love, joy, youth, and enthusiasm. In fact, the oncologist Dr. Bernie Siegel once said, "happy people don't get sick." While it's true that genetics and environmental toxins can cause disease, we can help ourselves to heal when we let go of our inner burdens.

Bach studied the medical connections between our feelings, especially feelings that are denied or repressed, and physical illness. He developed a specialized branch of herbal medicine that employed remedies made from only flowers, prepared using pure water, sunlight, fresh blossoms, and a clean glass bowl. He never offered any scientific explanation of how or why these remedies worked so well, preferring to keep them "free from science, free from theories." What he offered instead were hundreds of case histories as testimony to their effectiveness. Since his time, clinical studies have scientifically validated his findings and elaborated on the remedies' uses. (For more information, go to www.bachcentre.com)

Edward Bach was a homeopathic physician and came to develop the flower essences through that study. Flower essences differ from homeopathy in that flower essences do not require the extreme dilutions of homeopathic remedies, and flower essences do not work according to the Law of Similars - "like cures like". Flower essences are considered vibrational remedies and they are always gentle and harmless, producing no dangerous side effects like conventional medicines. Some remedies help deep emotions, others work on more superficial characteristics. They can be used for acute and chronic difficulties. But they are most useful for preventing physical illness by releasing underlying emotional concerns.

Today, in addition to the original 38 Bach flower remedies, there are dozens of companies producing hundreds of remedies from flowers found all over the globe.

Essences Chosen

The flower essence remedies we've chosen for our Old Goat products are: Pine, Oak, and Vervain, are 3 of the original Bach Essences. Self-Heal and Sunflower are 'modern essences' from the Flower Essence Society (www.flowersociety.org). The "meanings" of the essences was taken from the Bach Remedies Repertory text and the text of the Flower Essence Repertory.

Pine "Pine is for those who blame themselves. Even when successful they think they could have done better, and are never content with their efforts or the results. They are hard working and suffer much from the faults they attach to themselves. Sometimes if there is any mistake it is due to another, but they will claim responsibility even for that." Pine brings "self-acceptance"," self-forgiveness", and "freedom from inappropriate guilt and blame," relieving "emotional paralysis."

Oak "Oak is for those who are struggling and fighting strongly to get well, or in connection with the affairs of their daily life. They will go on trying one thing after another, though their case may seem hopeless. They will fight on. They are discontented with themselves if illness interferes with their duties or helping others. They are brave people, fighting against great difficulties, without loss of hope or effort." Oak helps to balance "endurance, strength, and perseverance" with "the positive attributes of surrender and acceptance of limitation." It helps one learn to "yield and to receive help from others when necessary."

Vervain "Those with fixed principles and ideas, which they are confident are right, and which they very rarely change. They have a great wish to convert all around them to their own views of life. They are of strong will and have much courage when they are convinced of those things that they wish to teach. In illness they struggle on long after many would have given up their duties."

Self-heal "Self-heal flower is one of the most fundamental and broadly applicable remedies for true soul healing and balance. Its very name is exquisitely evocative of its profound qualities; this essence addresses the capacity of the Self to become involved with and take responsibility for its own healing journey. No variety of outer measures and techniques can bring about genuine healing at any level unless the individual is quickened from within and motivated to seek and affirm the wholeness of life… Self-heal flower essence is especially indicated for those who have lost belief in their own capacity to be well or who have abdicated this inherent responsibility to healers or others. It is a very beneficial remedy for those who face great healing challenges, whether physical, mental, or spiritual."

Sunflower Sunflower helps one recover a "balanced sense of individuality" - a sun-radiant personality - suffering neither from low self-esteem or arrogance. "A healthy self shines forth from the soul, not unlike the sun which shines from the sky." Sunflower brings out "the quality of warmth or loving compassion." "The message of Sunflower is so universal and foundational that it is beneficial at nearly every stage of the human life cycle."


Aromatherapy is a form of herbal medicine in which healing effects are ascribed to the aromatic compounds in essential oils and other plant extracts. Different essential oils have different properties such as uplifting, energizing effects; relaxing effects; or decongestant and detoxifying effects on the mind and body.

The purest oils with hardly standardized content of components are pharmacopoeia grade essential oils. Undiluted essential oils suitable for aromatherapy are termed therapeutic grade.

There are several methods of application such as dabbing onto a cotton pad, or heating water with a few drops of the desired oil in it, or putting a few drops on a light bulb diffusing ring. Inhalation of steam containing vaporized essential oils is often a very effective way to treat respiratory complaints, and is also one of the most widely used methods of using essential oils for their mood-enhancing and emotion-stabilizing effects.

Old Goat Products are a Salicylate
Free Comfort Zone

Salicylates are chemicals found naturally in some plants, stored in the bark, leaves, roots, skin and seeds, where they protect the plants against insect damage and disease. In the human body, salicylate has been shown to have an effect on certain neuron receptors, to suppress some enzymes including the enzyme phenol sulfotransferase (PST), to inhibit prostaglandin synthesis, etc.

Most people have no problem with salicylate-containing foods or salicylate-containing drugs except at high doses, but some people can be extremely sensitive to these chemicals.

  • Who needs to worry about salicylate-sensitivity?

  • Some products that may contain aspirin or salicylate compounds

  • Ingredient label terms indicating a salicylate source.

  • How can the Feingold Program help?

  • This information is not meant to replace medical evaluation and treatment

    Who needs to worry about salicylate-sensitivity?

    Salicylate sensitive individuals may have any of the symptoms in our Symptoms List and their health problems may be very serious. Any of the following may indicate salicylate sensitivity:

  • Anaphylaxis (rare)
  • Asthma
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Changes in skin color
  • Cognitive and perceptual disorders
  • Congestion
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Hyperactivity
  • Itchy skin, rash, or hives
  • Itchy, watery, or swollen eyes " Lack of concentration or memory
  • Mouth ulcers or raw hot red rash around mouth
  • Nasal polyps
  • Persistent cough
  • Sinusitis
  • Stomach aches or upsets
  • Swelling of eyelids, face, and lips
  • Swelling of hands and feet
  • Urgency to pass water or bedwetting
  • Wheezing

  • Salicylate-sensitive people may be particularly prone to eye muscle disorders such as nystagmus, nasal polyps, rashes, or asthma, and may complain of joint pain and fatigue. The physician should be consulted to rule out other serious medical situations.

    Since the list above is very similar to the list of symptoms indicating a need for the Feingold Program in general, it is usually easier to try the regular Stage One Program first. If, however, you already have a diagnosis of severe salicylate sensitivity, or you have tried the Stage One diet with only partial improvement, it may be worth your while to try avoiding also those items listed on pages 51 through 57 in the Handbook.

    Some products (besides food and aspirin) that may contain aspirin or salicylate compounds

    Adapted from the About.com Guide

  • Acne products
  • Breath savers
  • Bubble baths
  • Cosmetics
  • Fragrances and perfumes
  • Gums - mint flavored
  • Hair shampoos, conditioners, or sprays
  • Herbal remedies
  • Lipsticks
  • Lotions
  • Lozenges
  • Medications
  • Mouth washes
  • Muscle pain creams
  • Pain medications
  • Razors with aloe strips adjacent to the cutting edge
  • Shaving creams
  • Skin cleansers or exfoliants
  • Sun screens or tanning lotions
  • Supplements derived from rose hips or bioflavonoids
  • Topical creams
  • Toothpastes
  • Wart or callus removers

  • When reading labels be sure to also watch out for these terms indicating a salicylate source.

    Adapted from the About.com Guide

  • Aspirin
  • Acetylsalicylic acid
  • Benzoates (preservatives)
  • Benzyl salicylate
  • Beta-hydoxy acid
  • Choline salicylate
  • Disalcid
  • Ethyl salicylate
  • Isoamyl salicylate
  • Magnesium salicylate
  • Menthol
  • Methyl salicylate
  • Mint not usually a problem " Octylsalicylate
  • Oil of Wintergreen
  • Peppermint not usually a problem
  • Phenylethyl salicylate
  • Salicylate
  • Salicylic acid
  • Salicylaldehyde
  • Salicylamide
  • Salsalate
  • Sodium salicylate
  • Spearmint not usually a problem
  • Wintergreen flavoring
  • "Flavoring" may contain synthetic additives or salicylates.
  • "Natural flavoring" may contain salicylate.

  • According to About.com, the following are also important to watch out for if you are salicylate-sensitive: (These items are all eliminated on the Feingold diet, too.)

  • Artificial food colorings
  • Artificial flavorings
  • Azo dyes

  • How Can the Feingold Program Help?

    In addition to the Basic Feingold Program, we offer information and support for a dietary treatment for aspirin and salicylate sensitivity in children and adults in the SPECIAL NEEDS SECTION of our Program materials. Between our list of salicylates to avoid on Stage One, and the extended list included in the Handbook, you will find the most complete list available of salicylate-containing items, plus benzoate information since many salicylate-sensitive people are also sensitive to benzoates.

    Research has shown that people sensitive to salicylates also frequently have cross-sensitivity to food additives such as azo dyes. Therefore, for your best results, we suggest using the entire Program, not just the listing of salicylates. Besides, many processed foods list "natural flavorings" which may include salicylate sources. The major salicylate sources are avoided in those products listed in the Stage One section of your Foodlist & Shopping Guide. However, if you are known to be exquisitely sensitive, it is prudent to call the manufacturer to get information about the actual items used in the flavoring, even in Stage One products.

    The article - Salicylate & Aspirin Sensitivity


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